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© Marcelo Barbosa

Palmas and surroundings

-10.23452 , -48.33638

Brazil

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The introductory text should contain general information about the site, which may include for instance:
• geographic/ biogeographic location
• habitat and vegetation
• typical bird species/bird communities
• protection status
• land use and history
• importance for birdwatching

Coordinates were set by Marcelo Barbosa : -10.2345/-48.3364 (2021-07-11 11:11:55 )

Site name was set by Marcelo Barbosa as "Palmas And Surroundings" (2021-07-11 11:11:55 )

Not available yet

List up to ca. 25 species that:
• have a limited distribution range and/or are rare on a global level
• are most sought-after by birdwatchers at this site
• and are relatively easy to see at this site (year-round or seasonally)

Little Tinamou (Crypturellus soui)
Undulated Tinamou (Crypturellus undulatus)
Horned Sungem (Heliactin bilophus)
Fiery-tailed Awlbill (Avocettula recurvirostris)
Dot-eared Coquette (Lophornis gouldii)
Ocellated Crake (Micropygia schomburgkii)
Spotted Puffbird (Bucco tamatia)
Checkered Woodpecker (Dryobates mixtus)
Kaempfer's Woodpecker (Celeus obrieni)
White-throated Woodpecker (Piculus leucolaemus)
Yellow-faced Parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops)
Caatinga Antwren (Radinopsyche sellowi)
Manu Antbird (Cercomacra manu)
South American Leaftosser (Sclerurus obscurior)
Fiery-capped Manakin (Machaeropterus pyrocephalus)
Purple-throated Fruitcrow (Querula purpurata)
Suiriri Flycatcher (Suiriri suiriri)
Rufous-sided Scrub-Tyrant (Euscarthmus rufomarginatus)
Chapada Flycatcher (Guyramemua affine)
White-banded Tanager (Neothraupis fasciata)
Blue Finch (Rhopospina caerulescens)
Coal-crested Finch (Charitospiza eucosma)

Yellow-faced Parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 14:01:25)

Suiriri Flycatcher (Suiriri suiriri) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 14:00:57)

Checkered Woodpecker (Dryobates mixtus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 14:00:19)

Coal-crested Finch (Charitospiza eucosma) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:59:45)

Ocellated Crake (Micropygia schomburgkii) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:59:30)

Horned Sungem (Heliactin bilophus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:58:31)

White-banded Tanager (Neothraupis fasciata) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:58:19)

Undulated Tinamou (Crypturellus undulatus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:57:48)

Little Tinamou (Crypturellus soui) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:57:33)

Dot-eared Coquette (Lophornis gouldii) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 12:27:59)

Fiery-tailed Awlbill (Avocettula recurvirostris) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 12:27:38)

Spotted Puffbird (Bucco tamatia) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 12:09:02)

Purple-throated Fruitcrow (Querula purpurata) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 12:00:41)

Rufous-sided Scrub-Tyrant (Euscarthmus rufomarginatus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 11:59:32)

Caatinga Antwren (Radinopsyche sellowi) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 11:59:17)

White-throated Woodpecker (Piculus leucolaemus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 11:58:45)

Kaempfer's Woodpecker (Celeus obrieni) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 11:57:59)

Manu Antbird (Cercomacra manu) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 11:57:47)

Fiery-capped Manakin (Machaeropterus pyrocephalus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 11:57:27)

Blue Finch (Rhopospina caerulescens) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 11:57:14)

South American Leaftosser (Sclerurus obscurior) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 11:56:49)

Chapada Flycatcher (Guyramemua affine) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 11:56:12)

Tocantins Birding - in the heart of Brazil

Tocantins: a mix of the Amazon and Cerrado birding.

State of Tocantins is located in the center of Brazil, but politically belongs to the north Brazil herewith Pará, Amazonas, among others. The biome prevailing is Cerrado, but part of its territory is formed by Amazon Rainforest patches, mainly at northwest. Tocantins has only thirty years of creation and its capital is Palmas (PMW), located in the central region. 

In Tocantins have been recorded about 633 birds species, and this is mainly due to located in ecotone zone, thereby promoting a high species richness. Herein, I describe three of the main birding sites in Tocantins and I do mentions at some small key sites and begin by Palmas.

Give recommendations for making your visit as productive as possible.
This may include for instance:
• best season
• best time of the day
• how much time to spend at the site
• best means of locomotion within the site
• recommended routes / areas within the site
• guiding

Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 19:51
Tocantins Birding - in the heart of Brazil Tocantins: a mix of the Amazon and Cerrado birding. State of Tocantins is located in the center of Brazil, but politically belongs to the north Brazil herewith Pará, Amazonas, among others. The biome prevailing is Cerrado, but part of its territory is formed by Amazon Rainforest patches, mainly at northwest. Tocantins has only twenty-eight years thirty years of creation and its capital is Palmas (PMW), located in the central region.  In Tocantins have been recorded about 633 birds species, and this is mainly due to located in ecotone zone, thereby promoting a high species richness. Herein, I describe three of the main birding sites in Tocantins and I do mentions at some small key sites and begin by Palmas.
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 12:19
Tocantins Birding - in the heart of Brazil Tocantins: a mix of the Amazon and Cerrado birding. State of Tocantins is located in the center of Brazil, but politically belongs to the north Brazil herewith Pará, Amazonas, among others. The biome prevailing is Cerrado, but part of its territory is formed by Amazon Rainforest patches, mainly at northwest. Tocantins has only twenty-eight years of creation and its capital is Palmas (PMW), located in the central region.  In Tocantins have been recorded about 633 birds species, and this is mainly due to located in ecotone zone, thereby promoting a high species richness. Herein, I describe three of the main birding sites in Tocantins and I do mentions at some small key sites and begin by Palmas.
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 11:36
Tocantins: a mix of the Amazon and Cerrado birding. State of Tocantins is located in the center of Brazil, but politically belongs to the north Brazil herewith Pará, Amazonas, among others. The biome prevailing is Cerrado, but part of its territory is formed by Amazon Rainforest patches, mainly at northwest. Tocantins has only twenty-eight years of creation and its capital is Palmas (PMW), located in the central region.   In Tocantins have been recorded about 633 birds species, and this is mainly due to located in ecotone zone, thereby promoting a high species richness. Herein, I describe three of the main birding sites in Tocantins and I do mentions at some small key sites and begin by Palmas.
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 11:34
Tocantins: a mix of the Amazon and Cerrado birding. State of Tocantins is located in the center of Brazil, but politically belongs to the north Brazil herewith Pará, Amazonas, among others. The biome prevailing is Cerrado, but part of its territory is formed by Amazon Rainforest patches, mainly at northwest. Tocantins has only twenty-eight years of creation and its capital is Palmas (PMW), located in the central region. 

There is an airport well structured, where flights of mains airlines arrived from São Paulo (GRU) and Brasilia (BSB) international airports. Flights arrives at Palmas basically in the morning (about 11:00 a.m.), at afternoon (16:00 p.m.) and in the evening (23:30 p.m.).

Explain from where and how to get to this site with private and public transport.

Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 11:33
There is an airport well structured, where flights of mains airlines arrived from São Paulo (GRU) and Brasilia (BSB) international airports. Flights arrives at Palmas basically in the morning (about 11:00 a.m.), at afternoon (16:00 p.m.) and in the evening (23:30 p.m.).

Palmas and surroundings (10°12’S/48°19’W) - in the urban area and nearby have been recorded approximately 346 birds species, 27 of them with Amazonian distribution center. The weather is warm and the annual average temperature around 26°C. It is quiet compared to other capitals and there are plenty of good hotels and restaurants which are located mainly in town, about 24 km away from the airport. The urban area hasn’t been fully occupied yet and has cerrados where you can watch some species like Helmeted Manakin Antilophia galeata, Pied Puffbird Notharcus tectus, Amazonian Tyrannulet Inezia subflava, Yellow-faced Parrot Alipiopsita xanthops, Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata and Point-tailed Palmcreeper Berlepschia rikeri, and several parrots and macaws flying over the city, as Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazonica and Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna. To the east is located the Serra do Lajeado mountains complex, where driving about 25 km by road (TO-020) go up the mountain, is located the Lajeado State Park. In this park and surrounding you can watch in open cerrados Hornet Sungem Heliactin bilophus, White-banded Tanager Neothraupis fasciata, Chapada Flycatcher Suiriri affinis, Suiriri Flycatcher Suiriri suiriri, Collared Crescentchest Melanopareia torquata, Yellow-billed Blue Finch Porphyrospiza caerulescens and others cerrado endemic species. In the steep cliff and dry forest patches (semidecidous) have Lettered Aracari Pteroglossus incriptus, Rusty-breasted Nunlet Nonnula rubecula, Blackish-blue Seedeater Amaurospiza moesta (typical species of bamboo and rare in Tocantins), Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus and the beautiful cotingid Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata.

Leaving Palmas, bound for east by TO-030 road (30 km) until Taquaruçu district (10°18’S/48°09’W), also located in the same mountain complex, there are great places for birding with open cerrados and beautiful falls where you can also watch Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus, White-throated Woodpecker Piculus leucolaemus, Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fasciicauda, Fiery-capped Manakin Machaeropterus pyrocephalus and others four Manakin species, Austral Screech-owl Megascops usta, Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus macconnelli (split from S. mexicanus complex according to CBRO) which has subspecies distributed in the Atlantic Forest as well as in the Amazon rainforest, three Tityra species and Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi, typical bird of Atlantic Forest. There is in Taquaruçu the Fazenda Ecológica lodge, greats to stay if you wish to maximize and extend the birding days.

Near Palmas, driving across the hydropower dam on Tocantins River (for west), Porto Nacional municipality, there is a key site locally call carrasco, a typically vegetation that grows on sandy soils and where you can watch Pale-bellied Mourner Ryptiterna immunda and Caatinga Antwren Herpsilochmus sellowi, a typical caatinga bird recently recorded in the Tocantins. Leaving this site, nearby to Miracema do Tocantins municipality, there is other site where you can see Manu Antbird Cercomacra manu, Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephalum and Kaempfer’s Woodpecker Celeus obrieni, bamboo specialist birds. Kaempfer’s Woodpecker was rediscovered in the state of Tocantins in 2006 after 80 years missing and recently is one of the most desired birds by Brazilian birders. Near this site there are also open Cerrado where we can see Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus rufomarginatus besides others cerrado endemic species. In Semidecidual Forest nearby there is also Santarem Parakeet Pyrrhura amazonum. About three or four days will be necessary to birding in this sites.

Provide information on how to enter this site, which may include:
• entry points
• entry permits / entry tickets and fees
• opening hours / opening season
• other restrictions

Note that this section should only contain information on how to ACCESS (= enter) a site. Info on how to REACH a site should be added to "How to get there" section.

Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 11:37
Palmas and surroundings (10°12’S/48°19’W) - in the urban area and nearby have been recorded approximately 346 birds species, 27 of them with Amazonian distribution center. The weather is warm and the annual average temperature around 26°C. It is quiet compared to other capitals and there are plenty of good hotels and restaurants which are located mainly in town, about 24 km away from the airport. The urban area hasn’t been fully occupied yet and has cerrados where you can watch some species like Helmeted Manakin Antilophia galeata, Pied Puffbird Notharcus tectus, Amazonian Tyrannulet Inezia subflava, Yellow-faced Parrot Alipiopsita xanthops, Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata and Point-tailed Palmcreeper Berlepschia rikeri, and several parrots and macaws flying over the city, as Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazonica and Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna. To the east is located the Serra do Lajeado mountains complex, where driving about 25 km by road (TO-020) go up the mountain, is located the Lajeado State Park. In this park and surrounding you can watch in open cerrados Hornet Sungem Heliactin bilophus, White-banded Tanager Neothraupis fasciata, Chapada Flycatcher Suiriri affinis, Suiriri Flycatcher Suiriri suiriri, Collared Crescentchest Melanopareia torquata, Yellow-billed Blue Finch Porphyrospiza caerulescens and others cerrado endemic species. In the steep cliff and dry forest patches (semidecidous) have Lettered Aracari Pteroglossus incriptus, Rusty-breasted Nunlet Nonnula rubecula, Blackish-blue Seedeater Amaurospiza moesta (typical species of bamboo and rare in Tocantins), Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus and the beautiful cotingid Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata. Leaving Palmas, bound for east by TO-030 road (30 km) until Taquaruçu district (10°18’S/48°09’W), also located in the same mountain complex, there are great places for birding with open cerrados and beautiful falls where you can also watch Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus, White-throated Woodpecker Piculus leucolaemus, Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fasciicauda, Fiery-capped Manakin Machaeropterus pyrocephalus and others four Manakin species, Austral Screech-owl Megascops usta, Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus macconnelli (split from S. mexicanus complex according to CBRO) which has subspecies distributed in the Atlantic Forest as well as in the Amazon rainforest, three Tityra species and Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi, typical bird of Atlantic Forest. There is in Taquaruçu the Fazenda Ecológica lodge, greats to stay if you wish to maximize and extend the birding days. Near Palmas, driving across the hydropower dam on Tocantins River (for west), Porto Nacional municipality, there is a key site locally call carrasco, a typically vegetation that grows on sandy soils and where you can watch Pale-bellied Mourner Ryptiterna immunda and Caatinga Antwren Herpsilochmus sellowi, a typical caatinga bird recently recorded in the Tocantins. Leaving this site, nearby to Miracema do Tocantins municipality, there is other site where you can see Manu Antbird Cercomacra manu, Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephalum and Kaempfer’s Woodpecker Celeus obrieni, bamboo specialist birds. Kaempfer’s Woodpecker was rediscovered in the state of Tocantins in 2006 after 80 years missing and recently is one of the most desired birds by Brazilian birders. Near this site there are also open Cerrado where we can see Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus rufomarginatus besides others cerrado endemic species. In Semidecidual Forest nearby there is also Santarem Parakeet Pyrrhura amazonum. About three or four days will be necessary to birding in this sites.

Some pretty bealty waterfalls, two species of monkeys, deers ...

Add information about other attractions at this site, including
• wildlife (apart from birds)
• sights (natural, cultural, archaeological, etc.)
• activities (e.g. for non-birding companions)

Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 12:02
Some pretty bealty waterfalls, two species of monkeys...monkeys, deers ...
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 11:43
Some pretty bealty waterfalls, two species of monkeys...

The weather is relatively warm all year and the higher temperatures (30-42°C), lower humid air (18-50%) and the fires in the cerrados are recorded in August and September. During June and July the temperature drops and is cooler at night, according to region. It has two well-defined seasons, a rainy (November to April), and a dry (May to October).

Provide information about what type of facilities are available at
or near this site, including:
• information centers / information points
• catering
• accommodation
• hides and watchtowers
• restrooms / toilets

Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 19:56
This site was written with aim of provide to birders The weather is relatively warm all year and photographers a new opportunity for birding the higher temperatures (30-42°C), lower humid air (18-50%) and the fires in the State of Tocantins cerrados are recorded in August and to stimulate September. During June and July the birdwatching activity in this amazing temperature drops and poorly known region of Brazil where some species are severely threatened. If you are looking forward is cooler at night, according to birding region. It has two well-defined seasons, a rainy (November to April), and need any farther information about birding sites, so do not waste time and get in touch with me.a dry (May to October).
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 11:55
This site was written with aim of provide to birders and photographers a new opportunity for birding in the State of Tocantins and to stimulate the birdwatching activity in this amazing and poorly known region of Brazil where some species are severely threatened. If you are looking forward to birding and need any farther information about birding sites, so do not waste time and get in touch with me.

This site was written with aim of provide to birders and photographers a new opportunity for birding in the State of Tocantins and to stimulate the birdwatching activity in this amazing and poorly known region of Brazil where some species are severely threatened.

If you are looking forward to birding and need any farther information about birding sites, so do not waste time and get in touch with me.

Are there any security issues or other annoyances at this site? For
instance, these may include:
• offenses like robbery or theft
• natural hazards
• dangerous or annoying animals or plants (mosquitoes, leaches, thorn bushes, etc.)
• noise pollution

Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 19:56
The weather is relatively warm all year This site was written with aim of provide to birders and the higher temperatures (30-42°C), lower humid air (18-50%) and the fires photographers a new opportunity for birding in the cerrados State of Tocantins and to stimulate the birdwatching activity in this amazing and poorly known region of Brazil where some species are recorded in August severely threatened. If you are looking forward to birding and September. During June need any farther information about birding sites, so do not waste time and July the temperature drops and is cooler at night, according to region. It has two well-defined seasons, a rainy (November to April), and a dry (May to October).get in touch with me.
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 11:35
The weather is relatively warm all year and the higher temperatures (30-42°C), lower humid air (18-50%) and the fires in the cerrados are recorded in August and September. During June and July the temperature drops and is cooler at night, according to region. It has two well-defined seasons, a rainy (November to April), and a dry (May to October).
All information about this site was contributed by Orniverse users. Neither Orniverse nor the contributors accept responsibility for the completeness and accuracy of the information provided.

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Orniverse: Palmas and surroundings - Brazil