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© Marcelo Barbosa

Araguaia Valley

-9.65639 , -50.06520

Brazil

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The introductory text should contain general information about the site, which may include for instance:
• geographic/ biogeographic location
• habitat and vegetation
• typical bird species/bird communities
• protection status
• land use and history
• importance for birdwatching

Coordinates were set by Marcelo Barbosa : -9.6564/-50.0652 (2021-07-11 12:47:00 )

Site name was set by Marcelo Barbosa as "Araguaia Valley" (2021-07-11 12:47:00 )

Not available yet

List up to ca. 25 species that:
• have a limited distribution range and/or are rare on a global level
• are most sought-after by birdwatchers at this site
• and are relatively easy to see at this site (year-round or seasonally)

Cinereous Tinamou (Crypturellus cinereus)
Little Tinamou (Crypturellus soui)
Undulated Tinamou (Crypturellus undulatus)
Brazilian Tinamou (Crypturellus strigulosus)
Orinoco Goose (Oressochen jubatus)
Chestnut-bellied Guan (Penelope ochrogaster)
Sand-colored Nighthawk (Chordeiles rupestris)
Band-tailed Nighthawk (Nyctiprogne leucopyga)
Blackish Nightjar (Nyctipolus nigrescens)
Ladder-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis climacocerca)
Cinnamon-throated Hermit (Phaethornis nattereri)
Hoatzin (Opisthocomus hoazin)
Agami Heron (Agamia agami)
Crested Eagle (Morphnus guianensis)
Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja)
Black-tailed Trogon (Trogon melanurus)
Spotted Puffbird (Bucco tamatia)
Kaempfer's Woodpecker (Celeus obrieni)
Golden-green Woodpecker (Piculus chrysochloros)
Amazonian Antshrike (Thamnophilus amazonicus)
Amazonian Streaked-Antwren (Myrmotherula multostriata)
Bananal Antbird (Cercomacra ferdinandi)
Long-billed Woodcreeper (Nasica longirostris)
Striped Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus obsoletus)
Araguaia River Spinetail (undescribed form) (Certhiaxis [undescribed form])
White-lored Spinetail (Synallaxis albilora)
Blue-backed Manakin (Chiroxiphia pareola)
Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant (Hemitriccus minimus)
River Tyrannulet (Serpophaga hypoleuca)
Riverside Tyrant (Knipolegus orenocensis)
Amazonian Black-Tyrant (Knipolegus poecilocercus)
Rufous-tailed Flatbill (Ramphotrigon ruficauda)
Rose-breasted Chat (Granatellus pelzelni)
Amazonian Grosbeak (Cyanoloxia rothschildii)
Crimson-fronted Cardinal (Paroaria baeri)

Blue-backed Manakin (Chiroxiphia pareola) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 20:06:18)

Brazilian Tinamou (Crypturellus strigulosus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 20:03:26)

Cinereous Tinamou (Crypturellus cinereus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 20:02:49)

Undulated Tinamou (Crypturellus undulatus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 20:02:38)

Little Tinamou (Crypturellus soui) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 20:02:28)

Striped Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus obsoletus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 19:59:56)

Rufous-tailed Flatbill (Ramphotrigon ruficauda) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:51:18)

River Tyrannulet (Serpophaga hypoleuca) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:24:14)

Sand-colored Nighthawk (Chordeiles rupestris) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:21:55)

Band-tailed Nighthawk (Nyctiprogne leucopyga) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:20:49)

Blackish Nightjar (Nyctipolus nigrescens) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:19:35)

Ladder-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis climacocerca) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:19:05)

Black-tailed Trogon (Trogon melanurus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:18:16)

Agami Heron (Agamia agami) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:17:43)

White-lored Spinetail (Synallaxis albilora) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:17:05)

Amazonian Streaked-Antwren (Myrmotherula multostriata) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:16:37)

Rose-breasted Chat (Granatellus pelzelni) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:16:14)

Golden-green Woodpecker (Piculus chrysochloros) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:14:54)

Long-billed Woodcreeper (Nasica longirostris) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:14:17)

Amazonian Grosbeak (Cyanoloxia rothschildii) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:13:57)

Amazonian Black-Tyrant (Knipolegus poecilocercus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:13:05)

Riverside Tyrant (Knipolegus orenocensis) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:12:48)

Amazonian Antshrike (Thamnophilus amazonicus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:12:11)

Cinnamon-throated Hermit (Phaethornis nattereri) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:07:45)

Hoatzin (Opisthocomus hoazin) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:03:20)

Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant (Hemitriccus minimus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:03:00)

Crested Eagle (Morphnus guianensis) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:02:21)

Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:01:48)

Chestnut-bellied Guan (Penelope ochrogaster) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:01:34)

Spotted Puffbird (Bucco tamatia) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:01:21)

Orinoco Goose (Oressochen jubatus) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:01:00)

Araguaia River Spinetail (undescribed form) (Certhiaxis [undescribed form]) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:00:44)

Crimson-fronted Cardinal (Paroaria baeri) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:00:24)

Bananal Antbird (Cercomacra ferdinandi) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 13:00:08)

Kaempfer's Woodpecker (Celeus obrieni) was added by Marcelo Barbosa (2021-07-11 12:59:56)

Tocantins Birding - in the heart of Brazil

Tocantins: a mix of the Amazon and Cerrado birding.

State of Tocantins is located in the center of Brazil, but politically belongs to the north Brazil herewith Pará, Amazonas, among others. The biome prevailing is Cerrado, but part of its territory is formed by Amazon Rainforest patches, mainly at northwest. Tocantins has only thirty years of creation and its capital is Palmas (PMW), located in the central region. The weather is relatively warm all year and the higher temperatures (30-42°C), lower humid air (18-50%) and the fires in the cerrados are recorded in August and September. During June and July the temperature drops and is cooler at night, according to region. It has two well-defined seasons, a rainy (November to April), and a dry (May to October).

In Tocantins have been recorded about 633 birds species, and this is mainly due to located in ecotone zone, thereby promoting a high species richness. Herein, I describe some of the main birding sites in Tocantins and I do mentions at some small key sites.

Give recommendations for making your visit as productive as possible.
This may include for instance:
• best season
• best time of the day
• how much time to spend at the site
• best means of locomotion within the site
• recommended routes / areas within the site
• guiding

Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 19:53
Tocantins Birding - in the heart of Brazil Tocantins: a mix of the Amazon and Cerrado birding. State of Tocantins is located in the center of Brazil, but politically belongs to the north Brazil herewith Pará, Amazonas, among others. The biome prevailing is Cerrado, but part of its territory is formed by Amazon Rainforest patches, mainly at northwest. Tocantins has only thirty years of creation and its capital is Palmas (PMW), located in the central region. The weather is relatively warm all year and the higher temperatures (30-42°C), lower humid air (18-50%) and the fires in the cerrados are recorded in August and September. During June and July the temperature drops and is cooler at night, according to region. It has two well-defined seasons, a rainy (November to April), and a dry (May to October).October). In Tocantins have been recorded about 633 birds species, and this is mainly due to located in ecotone zone, thereby promoting a high species richness. Herein, I describe some of the main birding sites in Tocantins and I do mentions at some small key sites.
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 12:50
Tocantins Birding - in the heart of Brazil Tocantins: a mix of the Amazon and Cerrado birding. State of Tocantins is located in the center of Brazil, but politically belongs to the north Brazil herewith Pará, Amazonas, among others. The biome prevailing is Cerrado, but part of its territory is formed by Amazon Rainforest patches, mainly at northwest. Tocantins has only thirty years of creation and its capital is Palmas (PMW), located in the central region. The weather is relatively warm all year and the higher temperatures (30-42°C), lower humid air (18-50%) and the fires in the cerrados are recorded in August and September. During June and July the temperature drops and is cooler at night, according to region. It has two well-defined seasons, a rainy (November to April), and a dry (May to October).

There is an airport well structured, where flights of mains airlines arrived from São Paulo (GRU) and Brasilia (BSB) international airports. Flights arrives at Palmas basically in the morning (about 11:00 a.m.), at afternoon (16:00 p.m.) and in the evening (23:30 p.m.).

Explain from where and how to get to this site with private and public transport.

Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 12:50
There is an airport well structured, where flights of mains airlines arrived from São Paulo (GRU) and Brasilia (BSB) international airports. Flights arrives at Palmas basically in the morning (about 11:00 a.m.), at afternoon (16:00 p.m.) and in the evening (23:30 p.m.).

Araguaia Valley (09°37’S/50°03’W) – I do mentions about this birding site which in my point view is the better.  Following a four-hour drive from Palmas, for west by TO-080 road until Caseara you arrive near border with the state of Pará, where Araguaia River is its natural dividing point. The road is not busy except in a short stretch of BR-153 road in Paraíso do Tocantins municipality. In Caseara the accommodations (Hotel Pousada da Ilha) are simple, cosy and has wi-fi internet free. There is also the EcoAraguaia Jungle Lodge, located front of Coco River. In this site is found the Cantão State Park which is opened to the visitor now and where was recorded about 386 birds. At the Park there are some trails and you take a boat trip inside which has about 850 natural lakes, where you can to see also Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis. It is an ecological tension area or ecotone between Cerrado and the Amazon Rainforest and occurs birds of both biomes and endemics to this region. The highlights are the “Big Five” of Araguaia region, as Spinetail Synallaxis simoni, Bananal Antbird Cercomacra ferdinandi, Crimson-fronted Cardinal Paroaria baeri, Orinoco Goose Oressochen jubata (flocks can be seen on the sand banks along of rivers) and a Certhiaxis sp novum (undescribed form and locally known as Cantao Spinetail) besides other rare birds such as the threatened Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster. You can see also Agami Heron Agamia agami, Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus, Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia, Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minimus, Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca, Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni, Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus (uncommon), Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin (the best site of Brazil to see it) , Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni, Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum, Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus, Maranhão Hermit Phaethornis maranhaoensis (uncommon - according to SACC is Cinnamon-throated Hermit), Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus, Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis ssp xinguensis, Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus, Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus, Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctuosus araguayae, Amazonian Streaked-Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata, Rothschild’s Blue Crosbeack Cyanoloxia rothschildii (split of C. cyanoides complex), Blackish Nightjar Hydropsalis nigrescens, Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris and many others. Nearby this birding site and in front of Cantão, left bank of Araguaia River (State of Pará), have been recorded about 516 birds, however this number can be even greater.

There is possibility for birding in the Canguçu Research Center (Particular Reserve) however may be restrict to local guide because prior reservation. This key site is located at south of Cantão State Park in front of the Bananal Island, floodplain surrounded by the Araguaia and Javaés rivers. Due to flooding in the region in rainy season (January to May) to make difficult access to the Canguçu, Cantão and to the watching of some key species, I suggest June to December for birding and at least five days. The Canguçu is located returning from Caseara by TO-080 on the way to Marianópolis do Tocantins and following by TO-374/354 roads and there, you can see many of birds above mentioned. On the way, near Café da Roça community has Kaempfer's Woodpecker too.

There is a possibility of return to Palmas by Lagoa da Confusão municipality (TO-374) where you can see in rice fields several waterbirds and also Marsh Deer Blastocerus dichotomus, as seen in the Pantanal. Waterbirds are in large number especially at harvest time and at rainy season when are seen fishing in the rice fields and canals. A great tip to stay is Praia Alta lodge. About six or seven days will be necessary to birding in this sites.

Provide information on how to enter this site, which may include:
• entry points
• entry permits / entry tickets and fees
• opening hours / opening season
• other restrictions

Note that this section should only contain information on how to ACCESS (= enter) a site. Info on how to REACH a site should be added to "How to get there" section.

Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-09-29 00:15
Araguaia Valley (09°37’S/50°03’W) – I do mentions about this birding site which in my point view is the better.  Following a four-hour drive from Palmas, for west by TO-080 road until Caseara you arrive near border with the state of Pará, where Araguaia River is its natural dividing point. The road is not busy except in a short stretch of BR-153 road in Paraíso do Tocantins municipality. In Caseara the accommodations (Hotel Pousada da Ilha) are simple, cosy and has wi-fi internet free. There is also the EcoAraguaia Jungle Lodge, located front of Coco River. In this site is found the Cantão State Park which is opened to the visitor now and where was recorded about 386 birds. At the Park there are some trails and you take a boat trip inside which has about 850 natural lakes, where you can to see also Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis. It is an ecological tension area or ecotone between Cerrado and the Amazon Rainforest and occurs birds of both biomes and endemics to this region. The highlights are the “Big Five” of Araguaia region, as Spinetail Synallaxis simoni, Bananal Antbird Cercomacra ferdinandi, Crimson-fronted Cardinal Paroaria baeri, Orinoco Goose Oressochen jubata (flocks can be seen on the sand banks along of rivers) and a Certhiaxis sp novum (undescribed form and locally known as Cantao Spinetail) besides other rare birds such as the threatened Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster. You can see also Agami Heron Agamia agami, Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus, Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia, Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minimus, Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca, Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni, Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus (uncommon), Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin (the best site of Brazil to see it) , Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni, Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum, Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus, Maranhão Hermit Phaethornis maranhaoensis (uncommon - according to SACC is Cinnamon-throated Hermit), Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus, Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis ssp xinguensis, Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus, Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus, Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctuosus araguayae, Amazonian Streaked-Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata, Rothschild’s Blue Crosbeack Cyanoloxia rothschildii (split of C. cyanoides complex), Blackish Nightjar Hydropsalis nigrescens, Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris and many others. Nearby this birding site and in front of Cantão, left bank of Araguaia River (State of Pará), have been recorded about 516 birds, however this number can be even greater. There is possibility for birding in the Canguçu Research Center (Particular Reserve) however may be restrict to local guide because prior reservation. This key site is located at south of Cantão State Park in front of the Bananal Island, floodplain surrounded by the Araguaia and Javaés rivers. Due to flooding in the region in rainy season (January to May) to make difficult access to the Canguçu, Cantão and to the watching of some key species, I suggest June to December for birding and at least five days. The Canguçu is located returning from Caseara by TO-080 on the way to Marianópolis do Tocantins and following by TO-374/354 roads and there, you can see many of birds above mentioned. On the way, near Café da Roça community has Kaempfer's Woodpecker too. There is a possibility of return to Palmas by Lagoa da Confusão municipality (TO-374) where you can see in rice fields several waterbirds and also Marsh Deer Blastocerus dichotomus, as seen in the Pantanal. Waterbirds are in large number especially at harvest time and at rainy season when are seen fishing in the rice fields and canals. A great tip to stay is Praia Alta lodge. About six or seven days will be necessary to birding in this sites.
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 20:09
Araguaia Valley (09°37’S/50°03’W) – I do mentions about this birding site which in my point view is the better.  Following a four-hour drive from Palmas, for west by TO-080 road until Caseara you arrive near border with the state of Pará, where Araguaia River is its natural dividing point. The road is not busy except in a short stretch of BR-153 road in Paraíso do Tocantins municipality. In Caseara the accommodations (Hotel Pousada da Ilha) are simple, cosy and has wi-fi internet free. In this site is found the Cantão State Park which is opened to the visitor now and where was recorded about 386 birds. At the Park there are some trails and you take a boat trip inside which has about 850 natural lakes, where you can to see also Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis. It is an ecological tension area or ecotone between Cerrado and the Amazon Rainforest and occurs birds of both biomes and endemics to this region. The highlights are the “Big Five” of Araguaia region, as Spinetail Synallaxis simoni, Bananal Antbird Cercomacra ferdinandi, Crimson-fronted Cardinal Paroaria baeri, Orinoco Goose Oressochen jubata (flocks can be seen on the sand banks along of rivers) and a Certhiaxis sp novum (undescribed form and locally known as Cantao Spinetail) besides other rare birds such as the threatened Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster. You can see also Agami Heron Agamia agami, Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus, Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia, Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minimus, Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca, Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni, Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus (uncommon), Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin (the best site of Brazil to see it) , Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni, Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum, Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus, Maranhão Hermit Phaethornis maranhaoensis (uncommon - according to SACC is Cinnamon-throated Hermit), Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus, Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis ssp xinguensis, Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus, Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus, Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctuosus araguayae, Amazonian Streaked-Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata, Rothschild’s Blue Crosbeack Cyanoloxia rothschildii (split of C. cyanoides complex), Blackish Nightjar Hydropsalis nigrescens, Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris and many others. Nearby this birding site and in front of Cantão, left bank of Araguaia River (State of Pará), have been recorded about 516 birds, however this number can be even greater. There is possibility for birding in the Canguçu Research Center (Particular Reserve) however may be restrict to local guide because prior reservation. This key site is located at south of Cantão State Park in front of the Bananal Island, floodplain surrounded by the Araguaia and Javaés rivers. Due to flooding in the region in rainy season (January to May) to make difficult access to the Canguçu, Cantão and to the watching of some key species, I suggest June to December for birding and at least five days. The Canguçu is located returning from Caseara by TO-080 on the way to Marianópolis do Tocantins and following by TO-374/354 roads and there, you can see many of birds above mentioned. On the way, near Café da Roça community has Kaempfer's Woodpecker too. There is a possibility of return to Palmas by Lagoa da Confusão municipality (TO-374) where you can see in rice fields several waterbirds and also Marsh Deer Blastocerus dichotomus, as seen in the Pantanal. Waterbirds are in large number especially at harvest time and at rainy season when are seen fishing in the rice fields and canals. A great tip to stay is Praia Alta lodge. About six or seven days will be necessary to birding in this sites.
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 13:11
Araguaia Valley (09°37’S/50°03’W) – I do mentions about this birding site which in my point view is the better.  Following a four-hour drive from Palmas, for west by TO-080 road until Caseara you arrive near border with the state of Pará, where Araguaia River is its natural dividing point. The road is not busy except in a short stretch of BR-153 road in Paraíso do Tocantins municipality. In Caseara the accommodations (Hotel Pousada da Ilha) are simple, cosy and has wi-fi internet free. In this site is found the Cantão State Park which is opened to the visitor now and where was recorded about 386 birds. At the Park there are some trails and you take a boat trip inside which has about 850 natural lakes, where you can to see also Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis. It is an ecological tension area or ecotone between Cerrado and the Amazon Rainforest and occurs birds of both biomes and endemics to this region. The highlights are the “Big Five” of Araguaia region, as Spinetail Synallaxis simoni, Bananal Antbird Cercomacra ferdinandi, Crimson-fronted Cardinal Paroaria baeri, Orinoco Goose Oressochen jubata (flocks can be seen on the sand banks along of rivers) and a Certhiaxis sp novum (undescribed form and locally known as Cantao Spinetail) besides other rare birds such as the threatened Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster. You can see also Agami Heron Agamia agami, Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus, Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia, Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minimus, Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca, Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni, Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus (uncommon), Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin (the best site of Brazil to see it) , Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni, Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum, Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus, Maranhão Hermit Phaethornis maranhaoensis (uncommon), (uncommon - according to SACC is Cinnamon-throated Hermit), Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus, Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis ssp xinguensis, Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus, Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus, Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctuosus araguayae, Amazonian Streaked-Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata, Rothschild’s Blue Crosbeack Cyanoloxia rothschildii (split2 (split of C. cyanoides complex), Blackish Nightjar Hydropsalis nigrescens, Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris and many others. Nearby this birding site and in front of Cantão, left bank of Araguaia River (State of Pará), have been recorded about 516 birds, however this number can be even greater. There is possibility for birding in the Canguçu Research Center (Particular Reserve) however may be restrict to local guide because prior reservation. This key site is located at south of Cantão State Park in front of the Bananal Island, floodplain surrounded by the Araguaia and Javaés rivers. Due to flooding in the region in rainy season (January to May) to make difficult access to the Canguçu, Cantão and to the watching of some key species, I suggest June to December for birding and at least five days. The Canguçu is located returning from Caseara by TO-080 on the way to Marianópolis do Tocantins and following by TO-374/354 roads and there, you can see many of birds above mentioned. On the way, near Café da Roça community has Kaempfer's Woodpecker too. There is a possibility of return to Palmas by Lagoa da Confusão municipality (TO-374) where you can see in rice fields several waterbirds and also Marsh Deer Blastocerus dichotomus, as seen in the Pantanal. Waterbirds are in large number especially at harvest time and at rainy season when are seen fishing in the rice fields and canals. A great tip to stay is Praia Alta lodge. About six or seven days will be necessary to birding in this sites.
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 13:06
Araguaia Valley (09°37’S/50°03’W) – I do mentions about this birding site which in my point view is the better.  Following a four-hour drive from Palmas, for west by TO-080 road until Caseara you arrive near border with the state of Pará, where Araguaia River is its natural dividing point. The road is not busy except in a short stretch of BR-153 road in Paraíso do Tocantins municipality. In Caseara the accommodations (Hotel Pousada da Ilha) are simple, cosy and has wi-fi internet free. In this site is found the Cantão State Park which is opened to the visitor now and where was recorded about 386 birds. At the Park there are some trails and you take a boat trip inside which has about 850 natural lakes, where you can to see also Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis. It is an ecological tension area or ecotone between Cerrado and the Amazon Rainforest and occurs birds of both biomes and endemics to this region. The highlights are the “Big Five” of Araguaia region, as Spinetail Synallaxis simoni, Bananal Antbird Cercomacra ferdinandi, Crimson-fronted Cardinal Paroaria baeri, Orinoco Goose Oressochen jubata (flocks can be seen on the sand banks along of rivers) and a Certhiaxis sp novum (undescribed form and locally known as Cantao Spinetail) besides other rare birds such as the threatened Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster. You can see also Agami Heron Agamia agami, Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus, Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia, Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minimus, Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca, Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni, Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus (uncommon), Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin, hoazin (the best site of Brazil to see it) , Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni, Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum, Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus, Maranhão Hermit Phaethornis maranhaoensis (uncommon), Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus, Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis ssp xinguensis, Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus, Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus, Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctuosus araguayae, Amazonian Streaked-Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata, Rothschild’s Blue Crosbeack Cyanoloxia rothschildii (split2 of C. cyanoides complex), Blackish Nightjar Hydropsalis nigrescens, Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris and many others. Nearby this birding site and in front of Cantão, left bank of Araguaia River (State of Pará), have been recorded about 516 birds, however this number can be even greater. There is possibility for birding in the Canguçu Research Center (Particular Reserve) however may be restrict to local guide because prior reservation. This key site is located at south of Cantão State Park in front of the Bananal Island, floodplain surrounded by the Araguaia and Javaés rivers. Due to flooding in the region in rainy season (January to May) to make difficult access to the Canguçu, Cantão and to the watching of some key species, I suggest June to December for birding and at least five days. The Canguçu is located returning from Caseara by TO-080 on the way to Marianópolis do Tocantins and following by TO-374/354 roads and there, you can see many of birds above mentioned. On the way, near Café da Roça community has Kaempfer's Woodpecker too. There is a possibility of return to Palmas by Lagoa da Confusão municipality (TO-374) where you can see in rice fields several waterbirds and also Marsh Deer Blastocerus dichotomus, as seen in the Pantanal. Waterbirds are in large number especially at harvest time and at rainy season when are seen fishing in the rice fields and canals. A great tip to stay is Praia Alta lodge. About six or seven days will be necessary to birding in this sites.
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 12:58
Araguaia Valley (09°37’S/50°03’W) – and last but not least important, I finish doing mentions – I do mentions about this birding site which in my point view is the better.  Following a four-hour drive from Palmas, for west by TO-080 road until Caseara you arrive near border with the state of Pará, where Araguaia River is its natural dividing point. The road is not busy except in a short stretch of BR-153 road in Paraíso do Tocantins municipality. In Caseara the accommodations (Hotel Pousada da Ilha) are simple, cosy and has wi-fi internet free. In this site is found the Cantão State Park which is opened to the visitor now and where was recorded about 386 birds7,8.birds. At the Park there are some trails and you take a boat trip inside which has about 850 natural lakes, where you can to see also Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis. It is an ecological tension area or ecotone between Cerrado and the Amazon Rainforest and occurs birds of both biomes and endemics to this region. The highlights are the “Big Five” of Araguaia region, as Spinetail Synallaxis simoni, Bananal Antbird Cercomacra ferdinandi, Crimson-fronted Cardinal Paroaria baeri, Orinoco Goose Oressochen jubata (flocks can be seen on the sand banks along of rivers) and a Certhiaxis sp novum (undescribed form and locally known as Cantao Spinetail) besides other rare birds such as the threatened Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster. You can see also Agami Heron Agamia agami, Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus, Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia, Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minimus, Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca, Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni, Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus (uncommon), Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin, Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni, Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum, Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus, Maranhão Hermit Phaethornis maranhaoensis (uncommon), Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus, Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis ssp xinguensis, Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus, Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus, Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctuosus araguayae, Amazonian Streaked-Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata, Rothschild’s Blue Crosbeack Cyanoloxia rothschildii (split2 of C. cyanoides complex), Blackish Nightjar Hydropsalis nigrescens, Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris and many others (see Pinheiro and Dornas 20097,8). others. Nearby this birding site and in front of Cantão, left bank of Araguaia River (State of Pará), have been recorded about 516 birds, however this number can be even greater3. greater. There is possibility for birding in the Canguçu Research Center (Particular Reserve) however may be restrict to local guide because prior reservation. This key site is located at south of Cantão State Park in front of the Bananal Island, floodplain surrounded by the Araguaia and Javaés rivers. Due to flooding in the region in rainy season (January to May) to make difficult access to the Canguçu, Cantão and to the watching of some key species, I suggest June to December for birding and at least five days. The Canguçu is located returning from Caseara by TO-080 on the way to Marianópolis do Tocantins and following by TO-374/354 roads and there, you can see many of birds above mentioned. On the way, near Café da Roça community has Kaempfer's Woodpecker too. There is a possibility of return to Palmas by Lagoa da Confusão municipality (TO-374) where you can see in rice fields several waterbirds and also Marsh Deer Blastocerus dichotomus, as seen in the Pantanal. Waterbirds are in large number especially at harvest time and at rainy season when are seen fishing in the rice fields and canals. A great tip to stay is Praia Alta lodge. About six or seven days will be necessary to birding in this sites.
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 12:53
Araguaia Valley (09°37’S/50°03’W) – and last but not least important, I finish doing mentions about this birding site which in my point view is the better.  Following a four-hour drive from Palmas, for west by TO-080 road until Caseara you arrive near border with the state of Pará, where Araguaia River is its natural dividing point. The road is not busy except in a short stretch of BR-153 road in Paraíso do Tocantins municipality. In Caseara the accommodations (Hotel Pousada da Ilha) are simple, cosy and has wi-fi internet free. In this site is found the Cantão State Park which is opened to the visitor now and where was recorded about 386 birds7,8. At the Park there are some trails and you take a boat trip inside which has about 850 natural lakes, where you can to see also Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis. It is an ecological tension area or ecotone between Cerrado and the Amazon Rainforest and occurs birds of both biomes and endemics to this region. The highlights are the “Big Five” of Araguaia region, as Spinetail Synallaxis simoni, Bananal Antbird Cercomacra ferdinandi, Crimson-fronted Cardinal Paroaria baeri, Orinoco Goose Oressochen jubata (flocks can be seen on the sand banks along of rivers) and a Certhiaxis sp novum (undescribed form and locally known as Cantao Spinetail) besides other rare birds such as the threatened Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster. You can see also Agami Heron Agamia agami, Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus, Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia, Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minimus, Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca, Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni, Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus (uncommon), Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin, Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni, Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum, Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus, Maranhão Hermit Phaethornis maranhaoensis (uncommon), Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus, Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis ssp xinguensis, Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus, Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus, Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctuosus araguayae, Amazonian Streaked-Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata, Rothschild’s Blue Crosbeack Cyanoloxia rothschildii (split2 of C. cyanoides complex), Blackish Nightjar Hydropsalis nigrescens, Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris and many others (see Pinheiro and Dornas 20097,8). Nearby this birding site and in front of Cantão, left bank of Araguaia River (State of Pará), have been recorded about 516 birds, however this number can be even greater3. There is possibility for birding in the Canguçu Research Center however may be restrict to local guide because prior reservation. This key site is located at south of Cantão State Park in front of the Bananal Island, floodplain surrounded by the Araguaia and Javaés rivers. Due to flooding in the region in rainy season (January to May) to make difficult access to the Canguçu, Cantão and to the watching of some key species, I suggest June to December for birding and at least five days. The Canguçu is located returning from Caseara by TO-080 on the way to Marianópolis do Tocantins and following by TO-374/354 roads and there, you can see many of birds above mentioned. On the way, near Café da Roça community has Kaempfer's Woodpecker too. There is a possibility of return to Palmas by Lagoa da Confusão municipality (TO-374) where you can see in rice fields several waterbirds and also Marsh Deer Blastocerus dichotomus, as seen in the Pantanal. Waterbirds are in large number especially at harvest time and at rainy season when are seen fishing in the rice fields and canals. A great tip to stay is Praia Alta lodge. About six or seven days will be necessary to birding in this sites.

Giant Otters, Black Caiman, Marsh Deer, Jaggar, Tapir...

Add information about other attractions at this site, including
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• activities (e.g. for non-birding companions)

Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 12:51
Giant Otters, Black Caiman, Marsh Deer, Jaggar, Tapir...

The weather is relatively warm all year and the higher temperatures (30-42°C), lower humid air (18-50%) and the fires in the cerrados are recorded in August and September. During June and July the temperature drops and is cooler at night, according to region. It has two well-defined seasons, a rainy (November to April), and a dry (May to October).

Provide information about what type of facilities are available at
or near this site, including:
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Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 19:54
\r\n\r\nThe weather is relatively warm all year and the higher temperatures (30-42°C), lower humid air (18-50%) and the fires in the cerrados are recorded in August and September. During June and July the temperature drops and is cooler at night, according to region. It has two well-defined seasons, a rainy (November to April), and a dry (May to October).
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 19:53
In Tocantins have been recorded about 633 birds species, and this is mainly due to located in ecotone zone, thereby promoting a high species richness. Herein, I describe some of the main birding sites in Tocantins and I do mentions at some small key sites.
Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 12:53
In Tocantins have been recorded about 633 birds species, and this is mainly due to located in ecotone zone, thereby promoting a high species richness. Herein, I describe some of the main birding sites in Tocantins and I do mentions at some small key sites.

This site was written with aim of provide to birders and photographers a new opportunity for birding in the State of Tocantins and to stimulate the birdwatching activity in this amazing and poorly known region of Brazil where some species are severely threatened.

If you are looking forward to birding and need any farther information about birding sites, so do not waste time and get in touch with me.

Are there any security issues or other annoyances at this site? For
instance, these may include:
• offenses like robbery or theft
• natural hazards
• dangerous or annoying animals or plants (mosquitoes, leaches, thorn bushes, etc.)
• noise pollution

Edited by Marcelo Barbosa on 2021-07-11 12:54
This site was written with aim of provide to birders and photographers a new opportunity for birding in the State of Tocantins and to stimulate the birdwatching activity in this amazing and poorly known region of Brazil where some species are severely threatened. If you are looking forward to birding and need any farther information about birding sites, so do not waste time and get in touch with me.
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Orniverse: Araguaia Valley - Brazil